After quoting the first words of Psalm 22 (see The Cross to the Grave, Part III – Forsaken) Jesus speaks three more times before surrendering His human body to physical death.
“I thirst.” (John 19:28)
“It is finished.” (John 19:30)
And crying with a loud voice, Jesus said, “Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit.” And when He had said this, He breathed out the spirit. (Luke 23:46)
Jesus speaks boldly, not with the faint heart of a tortured and dying human. His speech, described as “crying with a loud voice” shows the strength of his proclamation. A similar description was given by Matthew and Mark when Jesus quoted the first line of Psalm 22.
Christ’s life could only be given voluntarily by Christ himself: “For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life that I may take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father.” (John 10:17-18)
In His last address to the Father, Jesus again quotes from a Psalm of David (Psalms 31:5). Jesus commits His spirit to the Father. The greek word translated as commit (G3908) means to place alongside, that is, present; by implication to deposit (as a trust or for protection). From the beginning to the end of His sacrifice on the cross, Jesus trusts the Father.
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